Cron allows Linux users to run commands or scripts at a given date and time.
Here I’m going to explain how to setup cron job in Linux in which you want to run URL at specific date-time.
- Each user has its own crontab file in Linux. Crontab files can be found in
/var/spoolfolder with file names as username.
crontabcommand is used to add, edit, install, uninstall or list cron jobs.
- So to create or edit cron job enter following command:
Above command will open a crontab file, if exists, otherwise an empty file for creating a new crontab.
- Following is syntax for setting cron jobs using crontab file:
1 2 3 4 5 /path/to/command arg1 arg2
First 5 options are for date-time setup:
- 1: Minute (0-59)
- 2: Hours (0-23)
- 3: Day (0-31)
- 4: Month (0-12 [12 == December])
- 5: Day of the week(0-7 [7 or 0 == sunday])
- /path/to/command – Script or command name to schedule
Example: Following script will run given URLS daily at 2 AM
0 2 * * * curl -s "https://example.com/notification_scirpt?group=1" > /dev/null 2>&1
0 2 * * * curl -s " https://example.com/notification_scirpt?group=2" > /dev/null 2>&1
After adding above lines save file. Command to save a file in VIM editor is
Linux will automatically install new crontab changes.
Explaining above code:
- Above commands will run curl by fetching the URL’s.
- It will be executed daily at 2 AM.
- You can also pass query parameters in URL (group in the above example) like normal curl request.
- –s option is used to make curl silent so that no output generated.
2>&1 are explained below:
- > is for redirect
- /dev/null is a black hole where any data sent, will be discarded
- 2 is the file descriptor for Standard Error
- > is for redirect
- & is the symbol for file descriptor (without it, the following 1 would be considered a filename)
- 1 is the file descriptor for Standard Out. Therefore >/dev/null 2>&1 is redirecting the output of your program to /dev/null. Include both the Standard Error and Standard Out.